Liver Insufficiency Nutrition

People with liver disease will need to change the diet plan based on how well is your liver now. The changes you will need to make will depend on how well your liver is working. Talk to your doctor about the type of diet that is best for you so you can get the right amount of nutrition.

General recommendations for patients with severe liver disease include:

  • Eat large amounts of carbohydrate foods. Carbohydrates should be the major source of calories in this diet.
  • Eat a moderate intake of fat, as prescribed by the health care provider. The increased carbohydrates and fat help prevent protein breakdown in the liver.
  • Have about 1 gram of protein per kilogram of body weight. This means that a 154-pound (70-kilogram) man should eat 70 grams of protein per day. This does not include the protein from starchy foods and vegetables. A person with a badly damaged liver may need to eat less protein. Talk to your doctor about your protein needs.
  • Take vitamin supplements, especially B-complex vitamins.
  • Reduce the amount of salt you consume (typically less than 1500 milligrams per day) if you are retaining fluid.

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